"We still have some pockets of miners who are holding out by hiding in some areas," says Humberto Freire of police's new environmental crimes division.
Crack down begins against some 20,000 miners who Indigenous leaders say have set up illegal operations, raping and killing inhabitants, poisoning their water with mercury and ravaging forest they depend on for food.
The Yanomami people suffer from mercury-poisoned water and degraded food sources caused by illegal gold mining.
Operation against more than 20,000 wildcat miners is imminent, officials say, as anger mounts over humanitarian crisis in isolated Yanomami villages on the country's largest Indigenous reservation.
Authorities in Roraima state say 59 Indigenous children are currently being treated, 45 of them from Yanomami tribes, who are being decimated by disease and illegal mining in Amazon jungle.
Indigenous Health Secretary Weibe Tapeba calls on military to act swiftly against illegal miners, saying 700 members of Indigenous community were going hungry due to invasion by 20,000 wildcat gold miners.
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