Russian President Vladimir Putin leads commemorations of Soviet Union's defeat of Nazi Germany, but Ukraine, under unrelenting attack, is desperate to deny Moscow any sense of military invigoration.
President Erdogan, government and military officials and opposition leaders laid a wreath at Anitkabir, the mausoleum of Turkish Republic’s founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in the capital Ankara, to mark the 98th anniversary of the Victory Day.
With cases surging and authorities urging Russians to stay in their homes, celebrations of this year's Victory Day were muted after the Kremlin postponed plans for a grand parade with world leaders.
The coronavirus has attacked Russia, another country with a powerful political clout, after China, the US and Western European countries, making its weaknesses apparent.
Hundreds of thousands of Iranians across the country attended events marking the 40th anniversary of the Iranian Revolution, where the rallying cry ranged from "Death to America" to "Death to Israel".
Iraq celebrated the one-year anniversary of the official defeat of Daesh. The anniversary also saw the partial re-opening of the 'Green Zone' in Baghdad to civilians 15 years after it was set up in the wake of the US-led invasion and occupation.
Russia is struggling to chart a path towards reconciling the Bolshevik Revolution while not glorifying it as a means of political change.
August 30 Victory Day marks the Turkish victory against the Greek forces at the final battle of the War of Independence in 1922.
The descendants of those who fought and died in the Gallipoli campaign in 1915 come together to commemorate those who gave their lives on both sides.
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