With several minority groups living in harmony, the Islamic nation is a melting pot of people and cultures.
In the crucial 11th century battle, two different powers, Greek-led Byzantiums and Turkish-led Seljuks, faced each other to determine the fate of the Middle East and the Anatolian lands.
Iraq's Kirkuk has a diverse ethnic makeup. Turkmen, Arabs, Kurds and Christians all live there. Ahead of parliamentary elections, minority leaders are calling for cooperation.
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