President Joe Biden has also announced that 13 countries joined a new US-led Asia-Pacific trade initiative touted as a counterweight to China's expansion in the region.
The United States is looking to strengthen its economic partnership with Taiwan "on a bilateral basis", White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan said.
The military exercises, which coincide with US President Joe Biden's first Asia trip as president, will continue through Monday, according to Chinese officials.
Beijing has been "surprised" by the poor performance of Russian military forces as well as the tough resistance coming from the entire Ukrainian society, CIA head Bill Burns says.
Taiwan is considering alternative defence weapons systems as the island nation focuses on improving its military capabilities.
State Secretary Antony Blinken is set to outline Washington's approach towards Beijing amid criticism President Biden's administration is lacking a formal strategy to handle America's main strategic rival.
American soldiers reportedly will train Taiwanese soldiers in the facility in Hsinchu County for tanks to be delivered by Washington.
As tensions between China and Taiwan increase, a state-backed television station mistakenly claimed that China had attacked the territory and that "a war could break out."
China carried out military exercises around Taiwan a day earlier as a delegation of US lawmakers reached the island for a visit that Beijing termed a “deliberate provocative action.”
The military exercises were “a countermeasure to the recent negative actions of the US, including the visit of a delegation of lawmakers to Taiwan,” the Chinese Foreign Ministry said.
The handbook issued by Taiwan's military details how to find bomb shelters via smartphone apps, water and food supplies, as well as tips for preparing emergency first aid kits.
Taiwan welcomed the decision saying the training and equipment would help defend itself against Beijing's "continuing military expansion and provocation".
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