Protests against French President Emmanuel Macron's plan to reform the pension system gathered momentum on Tuesday, with more than 1.27 million people in the streets.
Over 1.1 million people took to the streets on Thursday to oppose President Emmanuel Macron's move to extend the retirement age to 64 from 62, an unexpectedly high turnout.
Russia's conflict with Ukraine and a changing world order put to test the relationship between Paris and Berlin since a post-World War II treaty sealed their reconciliation six decades ago.
Members of the PKK terror group, who are sought with a red notice, can organise protests in the centre of Europe under the auspices of the police and attack Turkish citizens and representatives, says Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
French Interior Minister Darmanin said that the police has neutralised the suspect.
The world has ushered in 2023, bidding farewell to a turbulent 12 months marked by war in Europe and Africa, stinging price rises, the Qatar World Cup, floods in Pakistan, and the deaths of Queen Elizabeth, Pele and former pope Benedict XVI.
Images circulating on social media show a group of PKK supporters attacking one or more people with flagpoles and destroying property during a protest in Dortmund.
"They saw how troublesome it is to help and support terrorists," said Turkish Defence Minister Hulusi Akar, calling PKK a "snake fed by the French".
The violent demonstrations came one day after a 69-year-old gunman with suspected racist motivations opened fire in Paris, killing at least three people and injuring three others.
At least six officers were wounded after French Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin visited site of shooting on Enghien Street in Paris that left three people dead, local media say.
French officials say an investigation has been opened and that "a man aged between 60 and 70 has been arrested and is in custody".
Protesters chanted slogans such as "Solidarity with undocumented migrants" and "We are not dangerous, migrants are in danger."
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