Floods have hit 18 of the country's 23 provinces, affecting millions and "swallowing up more than 465,000 hectares of fields and 19,000 heads of livestock," says President Mahamat Idriss Deby.
More than 1,400 delegates from the military government, civil society, opposition parties, trade unions and rebel groups gathered in N'djamena for the talks that are scheduled to last three weeks.
In the absence of the main rebel group, over 40 opposition groups agreed to a ceasefire ahead of the August 20 talks planned in the Chadian capital of N’Djamena.
Around 100 people were killed after violence broke out at an informal gold mining site in the mountainous Kouri Bougoudi district, near the border with Libya.
Land dispute pits sedentary Boulala people against Arab nomads in Zohana village east of capital N'Djamena, officials say, leaving at least 22 dead.
Crowds in capital N'Djamena cheer as soldiers return from front lines in tanks and armoured vehicles.
Fresh fighting in western Chad pits Libya-based rebels against forces loyal to a new military junta led by deceased President Deby's son.
Chad’s military council seized power after Idriss Deby’s death on the frontlines on April 19. Some opposition politicians have called the military takeover a coup and asked supporters to protest.
Deby, a close Western ally, was killed in battle with rebels on Monday, raising concern in the US and France that turmoil and uncertainty following his death will hamper the fight against militants across the Sahel region.
The oil-rich African nation has become a key regional ally of the West in the fight against militants.
Shock announcement of Idriss Deby’s death on the frontline of a fight against northern rebels comes day after the 68-year-old was proclaimed the winner of a presidential election that had given him a sixth term in office.
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