Dubbed Artemis I, the mission brings the US a big step closer to putting astronauts back on the lunar surface for the first time since the end of the Apollo programme 50 years ago.
The larger of the two strikes churned out boulder-size slabs of ice, which may help researchers look for ways future astronauts can tap into Mars' natural resources, scientists say.
Tests evaluated weapon communications and navigation equipment as well as advanced materials that can withstand the heat in a "realistic hypersonic environment," says US Navy.
Device called imaging spectrometre identified more than 50 methane "super-emitters" in Central Asia, Middle East and United States since it was installed in July aboard the ISS, US space agency says.
Sixteen-member panel will focus its inquiry entirely on what the US government calls "unidentified aerial phenomena or UAPs," US space agency says.
Burst of gamma-rays -- the most intense form of electromagnetic radiation -- was first detected by orbiting telescopes on October 9, and its afterglow is still being watched by scientists across the world.
NASA says it succeeded in deflecting an asteroid in a historic test of humanity's ability to stop an incoming cosmic object from devastating life on Earth.
Elon Musk's SpaceX plans to fund a study with NASA to examine ways to use the space company's Dragon capsule to raise the Hubble Space Telescope's orbital altitude, which would extend its useful life, agency officials say.
The intentional crash was seven years in the making, with NASA looking to see whether it could manually direct a space probe to collide with an asteroid and deflect its trajectory to prevent a potentially catastrophic impact with Earth.
Nicknamed Percy, the rover is tasked with caching samples that may contain signs of ancient life, as well as characterising the planet's geology and past climate.
The Artemis 1 space mission hopes to test the Space Launch System rocket as well as the unmanned Orion capsule that sits atop it, in preparation for future Moon-bound journeys with humans aboard.
NASA’s new Moon rocket sprang another dangerous fuel leak, forcing launch controllers to call off their second attempt this week to send a crew capsule into lunar orbit.
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