Critics say such programmes turn humanitarian causes into business deals that dehumanise the plight of people trying to escape persecution or natural disasters.
Besides the 20 agreements, the two nations vowed to avoid policies or discourse that could offend spheres of sovereignty.
In a new world order, nations in the second-most populous continent are no longer willing to remain vassals of Elysee Palace.
Algeria closed its airspace to all Moroccan flights in September 2021, the month after it cut off diplomatic ties with its rival, accusing it of "hostile acts".
Thousands of Moroccan fans, wearing the national team's kit and waving flags, gathered in Rabat to welcome their heroes and cheer them as the first African-Arab team to reach the World Cup semi-final.
"With nine participants, we're going to learn. In 15, 20 years, I'm sure an African team will win the World Cup because we'll have learned," says Walid Regragui whose Atlas Lions became the first African World Cup semi-finalists in history.
Croatia secure third place in the 2022 Qatar games, and Morocco become the first Arab and African team to make it to the top four in World Cup history.
Walid Regragui's history-making team — the first African and Arab nation to reach the World Cup semi-final — will play Croatia at Khalifa International Stadium.
More than 120 people, including some members of far-right groups, were arrested in different cities of the European nation.
Fans across Middle East and Africa hail Atlas Lions for their incredible journey in the World Cup but also rue defeat against France in Qatar semi-final.
Les Bleus will take on Argentina in final after beating Atlas Lions in an absorbing game to stay on course for a successful title defence and end the fairytale run of the north Africans in Qatar.
A memo obtained by Europe 1 radio details warning issued by DGSI that neo-Nazi and hooligan groups could provoke confrontations against fans of Morocco.
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