Russian President Vladimir Putin expressed his "deep sympathies" over the loss of Mikhail Gorbachev while US President Joe Biden hailed the former Soviet president as a "rare leader" who made the world safer.
Gorbachev, who ended Cold War without bloodshed but failed to prevent collapse of Soviet Union, dies "after a serious and long illness," Russian media report.
The victorious Western alliance saw Russia as a crumbled post-Soviet state and did not make enough efforts to let Moscow join the power bloc.
Ukraine is a small country compared to Russia - but it punched above its weight when it came to political influence within the Soviet Union.
On the night between January 19 and 20, under direct instructions from Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet army entered Baku and nearby regions, killing the civilian population using heavy military equipment and other weaponry.
US-Russia missile sabre-rattling in the Arctic sends threatening political messages but the bigger threat is its lasting environmental damage.
Both sides failed to make significant progress on saving the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty or INF in talks at the military alliance's headquarters in Brussels, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg says.
The 32-year-old environmentalist is among a crop of young leaders seeking legislative seats in world’s largest Muslim country.
In response to Russia's alleged violation of INF treaty, United States says it will suspend its obligations under a landmark nuclear treaty in 60 days.
President Donald Trump said on Oct. 20 that Washington planned to quit the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty with Russia but NATO members have urged Washington to bring back Moscow into compliance with the pact rather than quit it.
US frustration with Kremlin's failure to address reports it was violating a nuclear treaty is not unfounded, but it should not withdraw from the pact or risk "throwing the baby out with the bathwater," Germany's FM Mass warns.
In the early hours of April 26, 1986, a botched test at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in former Soviet Ukraine triggered a meltdown, ultimately killing and displacing thousands.
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