As Madrid rejected Catalonia's referendum results on October 1 last year, the country's affluent autonomous region continues to hold on to its secessionist sentiment.
The appointment of Pablo Casado, a lawmaker who has promised "hope" with a generational revamp of the party, will be seen as a lurch to the right for the Spain's Popular Party.
Socialist party head Pedro Sanchez becomes Spain's seventh prime minister after outgoing leader Mariano Rajoy lost a parliamentary confidence vote triggered by a long-running corruption trial.
Spain’s Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy could be toppled by Socialist leader Pedro Sanchez who needs an absolute majority of 176 votes to become the new prime minister.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy called an early poll, saying his government was weak and tainted by corruption.
Catalonia's parliament will start debating on whether to appoint staunch independence supporter Quim Torra as regional president, after deposed leader Carles Puigdemont stepped aside from the running.
The talks will focus on bilateral relations and strengthening trade between the two countries.
Puigdemont, granted bail after German judges ruled he could not be extradited on charges of "rebellion" brought by Spain also called for "the immediate release of all my colleagues in Spanish prisons".
Protests against his arrest on charges of charges of "rebellion" and "sedition" broke out in Catalonia barely hours after his arrest in Germany, where he is expected to appear in court on Monday.
The future of Spain hangs in the balance with old parties failing and secessionist movements seeking freedom from Spain's iron grip. Can Spanish politicians find a way out?
The speaker of the Catalan parliament postponed the vote, but said that self-exiled former president Carles Puigdemont was the only viable candidate to lead the restive Spanish region.
Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont has been living in self-imposed exile in Belgium, having fled arrest after organising an independence referendum from Spain in October.
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