China has maintained the drive to expand and modernize its armed forces despite high levels of government debt and a slowing economy, partly as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
Last week’s incident came six months after a pitched battle in which at least 20 Indian troops and an unknown number of Chinese forces were killed.
India says troops preempted Chinese military activity on the southern bank of Pangong Lake, which is divided by the de facto frontier between the rivals.
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