Water availability, access and affordability are acute problems for poor and crisis-vulnerable people, while billions of dollars in profits are extracted from the sector.
The peace deal signed in South Africa's capital Pretoria, the TPLF agreed to disarm in return for the restoration of access to Tigray, which was largely cut off from the outside world during the conflict.
The United States has estimated that some 500,000 people died in Ethopia's two-year conflict, making it one of the deadliest wars of the 21st century.
Top US diplomat Antony Blinken, on a rare visit to the landlocked West African country, announces $150 million in new aid for Sahel region, including Niger, one of world's poorest countries.
US Secretary of State's trip is the latest in a series of visits to Africa as the Biden administration looks to reinforce ties with a continent.
Antony Blinken's arrival marks highest-ranking US visit to Ethiopia since war broke out in late 2020 between government and Tigray rebels, fraying Washington's ties with Addis Ababa.
Amhara regional government has confirmed the fighting as all security forces are working to calm the situation.
Witnesses say hundreds of Eritrean vehicles left Shire, a development top US diplomat Blinken commends in phone call with Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed.
Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed says joint project with a UAE renewable energy company brings the country closer to achieving its net zero emission targets.
Ethiopian army says Amhara special forces pulled out from Shire following Tigray rebels' surrender of heavy weapons to government soldiers.
Weapon handover takes place in Agulae town, around 30 km northeast of regional capital Mekelle — part of wider November 2 ceasefire deal.
UNICEF says around 20.2 million children are under the threat of severe hunger, thirst and disease as climate crisis, conflict, global inflation and grain shortages devastate the region.
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