Two former Caracas mayors Antonio Ledezma and fellow opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez were jailed after being accused of destabilising President Maduro government.
President Nicolas Maduro's attempt to end Venezuela's constitutional crisis starts work on Friday. But the opposition and countries critical of Maduro dispute the new body's legitimacy.
Election firm says Venezuela inflated the turnout figures for its constituent assembly election by at least 1 million votes. The country's electoral authority denied the assertion as "irresponsible."
As Venezuelans head to the polls to vote for the new super body with powers to re-write the Constitution – boycotted by the opposition – deadly clashes have left several dead, including a candidate and a youth opposition leader.
Opposition groups hold briefing andannounce they will carry on with their planned demonstrations in defiance of President Maduro's ban on protests ahead of Sunday's Constituent Assembly vote.
The opposition says Maduro's planned Constituent Assembly is a farce designed purely to keep him in power.
The opposition is planning massive protests ahead of the July 30 vote for a 500-plus-member assembly to rewrite the constitution.
The Democratic Unity coalition had called a march on the pro-Maduro Supreme Court in support of alternative magistrates appointed by the opposition, but security forces blocked their way with armoured cars and riot shields.
General Vladimir Padrino Lopez said Venezuela's armed forces recognise the "legitimate nature" of President Nicolas Maduro's plan to have the body called the Constituent Assembly elected.
Trump's warning came as the opposition coalition in Venezuela called a nationwide strike for Thursday to kick off a "final offensive" aimed at forcing Maduro from office through early elections.
In the unofficial vote, an overwhelming 98% rejected President Nicolas Maduro's proposed new assembly and urged the military to defend the existing constitution.
Violence erupts as gunfire kills one and injures three during the vote, say prosecutors. The referendum is asking the public if they reject President Nicolas Maduro's new "peoples" assembly and if they want elections before his term ends.
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