Nearly 3,000 members of National People's Congress vote unanimously in Great Hall of the People for Xi, 69, to get precedent-breaking third five-year term.
Resignation of President Nguyen Xuan Phuc is an unprecedented move in the history of the communist party, says research fellow Nguyen Khac Giang.
The former university professor, who is known to have launched one of the world's longest-running Maoist insurgencies, passed away at a hospital in the Netherlands.
China's most powerful leader in decades, increases his dominance after he is named to another term as head of the ruling Communist Party.
President Xi's statement came after Chinese air force mounted four straight days of incursions into Taiwan's air defence identification zone from October 1, involving close to 150 aircraft, though those missions have since ended.
Pro-democracy candidates are almost absent from Hong Kong's first election since Beijing overhauled the city's electoral system to ensure that "only patriots" rule China's freest city.
Polls opened on Friday morning in the Far East regions of Kamchatka and Chukotka, which are nine hours ahead of Moscow. Voters will be able to cast ballots through Sunday.
Sun Dawu, an outspoken billionaire and grassroots rights supporter, gets 18 years in jail for a catalogue of crimes including "provoking trouble".
The prominent anti-Beijing activist is already serving a 13.5 month jail sentence for taking part in a protest during the 2019 unrest.
Beijing says anti-monopoly enforcement, especially in tech industries, is a priority for the country this year.
Demonstrators protest lack of proper government to deal with country's debilitating economic crisis.
PM Narendra Modi's right-wing BJP, accused of stoking religious polarisation and discriminating against minorities, faces stiff challenges in both West Bengal and Assam, two northeastern states with sizeable Muslim populations.
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