The incident took place in a town in the Diffa region close to the Lake Chad basin, a strategic area where the borders of four countries converge - Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.
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More than 1,400 delegates from the military government, civil society, opposition parties, trade unions and rebel groups gathered in N'djamena for the talks that are scheduled to last three weeks.
The talks, which should have begun in February, have been marred by delays as Chad's myriad rebel groups, meeting in Qatar, squabbled over whether to attend.
The last soldiers belonging to France's Barkhane operation in Mali left the African country after nearly a decade, following President Macron's decision to pull out.
In the absence of the main rebel group, over 40 opposition groups agreed to a ceasefire ahead of the August 20 talks planned in the Chadian capital of N’Djamena.
Rebel groups accused the interim government representatives of creating a “bad atmosphere” at talks and announcing the August 20 national dialogue without any consultation.
Around 100 people were killed after violence broke out at an informal gold mining site in the mountainous Kouri Bougoudi district, near the border with Libya.
“A combination of violence, insecurity, deep poverty and record-high food prices is exacerbating malnutrition and driving millions to the fringes of survival,” according to the UN.
France supported the African country’s military-ruled government, angering Chadians and opening old wounds of the European country’s past colonial practices.
Police fired tear gas and used water cannon to disperse hundreds of protesters who came out on the streets in capital N'Djamena, accusing the former colonial power of supporting the country's military junta.
The Doha meeting would be a prelude to agreeing on a new constitution and then holding elections in the African nation that was thrown into turmoil last April.
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