The trip – Bashar al Assad's second to the oil-rich United Arab Emirates in as many years – comes after a visit to Oman last month.
Erdogan, Putin, Raisi pledge to stand against separatist agendas aimed at undermining the sovereignty and territorial integrity of war-torn Syria, according to a trilateral statement.
Days of talks involving both the Syrian regime and the opposition in Geneva could not provide concrete progress.
By continuously breaking Russia-brokered ‘peace’ agreements, the regime is hampering Moscows’s long-term vision of exploiting Syria economically.
After the First Gulf War, coordination between Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Syria played a key stabilising and mediating role in the region. Today, Turkey can fill the gap left by Damascus.
Activists across the Arab world continue to fight for human and civil rights despite violence and intimidation.
After nearly a decade of war, the country is crumbling under the weight of years-long Western sanctions, corruption, a pandemic and an economic downslide made worse by the financial crisis in Lebanon, Syria’s main link with the outside world.
Attempts by the two international pariahs to forge a relationship is more about Turkey than any common vision between Haftar and Assad.
Russia’s Defence Ministry accuses Israel of nearly shooting down a Syrian passenger jet with 172 people on board during a missile strike on the suburbs of Damascus.
With the Assad regime targeting Turkish troops, Moscow and Ankara have hit a rough patch, but both sides have left room for dialogue to repair their faltering ties.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an opposition war monitor, said rebels withdrew from Idlib province's Maarat al Numan town late on Tuesday.
The White Helmets, also known as Syria Civil Defence, said the attacks hit the town of Bidama and three villages –Maasaran, Tal Minnis and Kanayes – in Idlib province.
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