As the country's constitutional monarch, King Al Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah plays a largely ceremonial role but can appoint a premier he believes will command a majority in parliament.
Although Mahathir Mohamad's sudden departure from the top post came as a surprise to many political pundits, the country's power corridors have been strife with political bickering over the past week.
Will Najib's trial create a precedent for fighting corruption and holding the powerful accountable?
Multiparty rule previously came to a violent end in Malaysia. History will likely not repeat itself if politicians can focus on national issues and avoid pandering to ethnic, regional or religious constituencies.
Malaysia's political landscape has been shaped in part for nearly two decades by a feud between Mahathir Mohamad and Anwar, but in a striking turn of events the two leaders have joined forces.
Opposition leader and veteran politician, Mahathir Mohamad was invited by Malaysia's king to form a government after the victory of the opposition Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope) over the government of Najib Razak's Barisan Nasional.
Malaysians have delivered a shock election victory to the opposition alliance, and in the process have ended sixty years of political dominance centred around one party. So why have Malaysians upended the status quo?
Results show the opposition alliance led by the country's former leader Mahathir Mohamad has won 112 seats in the national election, ending the 60-year rule of the National Front.
Malaysians flocked to vote in elections which pit an opposition led by former authoritarian leader Mahathir Mohamad against the ruling coalition of sullied Prime Minister Najib Razak.
Malaysia's incumbent Prime Minister Najib Razak is expected to win the country's general elections on May 9. But he's expected to face a tough challenge from former premier and mentor Mahathir Mohamad.
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