The current regional balance of power, in which Russia and China see the Taliban as the lesser of two evils, and a hasty US withdrawal helped the group march across Afghanistan, experts say.
Kabul's streets were deserted on Monday, a day after Taliban insurgents took over the Afghanistan capital without a fight, but the airport was jammed with hundreds of civilians trying to flee.
President Joe Biden has doubled down on his decision to withdraw US forces from Afghanistan despite the Taliban's rapid advances, but pledged to send more troops to evacuate civilians and warned the militants not to threaten that mission.
The insurgents have captured much of northern, western and southern Afghanistan in an offensive less than three weeks before the US is set to withdraw its last troops.
An urgent power-sharing agreement between Ghani’s government and the Taliban is one way of avoiding bloody confrontation in the capital.
The Taliban has been inching closer to Kabul and full control of Afghanistan, fuelling fears of a return to their brutal regime that was toppled by the United States-led 2001 invasion.
The appointment of General Hibatullah Alizai to lead the Afghan armed forces comes at a crucial time as the insurgent group intensifies assault on provincial capitals.
Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani arrived in Mazar as hundreds of Afghan soldiers surrendered to the Taliban isurgent group in nearby Kunduz.
The failure of US-led forces to address grassroots issues and the absence of a strong Afghan government has led to the resurgence of the Taliban, experts say.
NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg describes security situation as "deeply challenging" with most foreign troops already out of the country where insurgents are pushing forward with their sweeping assault.
Rockets landed near the Afghan presidential palace in Kabul during prayers for the Muslim festival of Eid al Adha, a live television broadcast showed. Daesh has claimed responsibility for the attack.
Pakistan's Imran Khan rejects Afghan President Ashraf Ghani's allegations about Islamabad's "negative role" in Afghanistan, saying no country has tried harder to get Taliban insurgents on the negotiation table.
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