FIFA’s head of Global Football Development Arsene Wenger saw support for the idea among former players and coaches, but UEFA and World Leagues Forum oppose his plans.
Arteta, who made 149 appearances for Arsenal between 2011 and 2016 before joining Manchester City's coaching staff as Pep Guardiola's assistant, replaces fellow Spaniard Unai Emery at the Emirates Stadium.
Wenger was given a guard of honour from both teams and match officials before kickoff. He received roars of support throughout the match from the home fans, most of whom had donned their complimentary red "Merci Arsene" T-shirts.
The Arsenal boss is hailed as the greatest manager in the club's history following three Premier League titles and a record-breaking seven FA Cup triumphs.
The 2-0 Europa League brought an end to AC Milan's 13-match unbeaten run while Dortmund slumped to a 2-1 defeat to Salzburg.
A vociferous section of fans turned on the manager as results faltered when Arsenal exited the Champions League and their hopes of a change of leadership were dashed when he signed a new two-year deal at the end of the campaign.
Despite many fans having called this season for Wenger to be replaced, the club still believe he's the man to guide them to Premier League and Champions League success.
Aaron Ramsey's 79th-minute header sealed victory for Arsenal, three minutes after Diego Costa's equaliser had revived Chelsea's hopes of capping a superb season in style.
The 'Special One' joins the Red Devils with an option to stay on until at least 2020.
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