The raids in Yemen's rebel-held capital come after the coalition said it intercepted 10 drones launched by the rebels on Sunday, in a sharp escalation in cross-border attacks on the kingdom.

Smoke billows from the site of Saudi-led air strikes in Sanaa, Yemen on March 7, 2021.
Smoke billows from the site of Saudi-led air strikes in Sanaa, Yemen on March 7, 2021. (Reuters)

The Saudi-led coalition fighting Iran-backed rebels in Yemen has launched a new air campaign on the country’s capital and other provinces, in retaliation for missile and drone attacks on Saudi Arabia.

“The targeting of civilians and civilian facilities is a red line,” Col. Turki al Maliki, a spokesman for the coalition, was quoted as saying by the official Saudi Press Agency. He was referring to the missile and drone strikes on Saudi cities in recent weeks that the Iranian-backed rebels, known as Houthis, had claimed.

“The terrorist (Houthi) leaders will be held accountable,” he said.

Huge explosions

Residents in Sanaa, Yemen’s rebel-held capital, reported hearing huge explosions as a round of bombs fell on the city on Sunday.

The Houthi-run al Masirah satellite TV channel reported at least seven air strikes on Sanaa's districts of Attan and al Nahda. Al Masirah did not say what facilities were hit by the coalition, but back smoke was seen rising over military camps in the areas.

While the Houthi attacks rarely cause damage or casualties, strikes on major oil facilities in Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil exporter, have shaken energy markets and the world economy.

On Thursday, the Houthis said they launched a drone attack on an oil facility in the port city of Jiddah. Another ballistic missile attack last week reached as far as the capital, Riyadh, where it was intercepted and exploded in the sky, scattering shrapnel over the city.

READ MORE: Saudi Arabia says it intercepts missile attack over capital

Marib clashes

The air strikes on Sanaa have also come as the Houthis continue their weeks-long offensive on the central province of Marib, in an attempt to retake it from the internationally recognised government. They have faced stiff resistance and suffered heavy casualties without making progress.

Hundreds were killed in the Marib clashes.

READ MORE: The dangerous fight for Yemen's oil-rich Marib

There have been also clashes in the province of Taiz. The Medecins Sans Frontieres charity, or MSF, said on Friday that over two dozen people wounded in the clashes were treated in al Thawra hospital, which is run by the charity. MSF also said heavy gunfire hit the hospital, wounding at least three people including one healthcare worker and a 12-year-old child.

MSF also said that on Friday the Al Thawra hospital in Taiz treated 28 people wounded during intense clashes since Wednesday, adding that the hospital itself was hit by gunfire, injuring three, including a 12-year-old boy.

READ MORE: Several Yemeni separatist fighters killed or injured in Aden car bombing

Years of war

The conflict in Yemen erupted nearly six years ago, after the Houthis swept into the capital and seized much of the country’s north. A Saudi-led military coalition launched a bombing campaign to dislodge the Houthis and restore the internationally recognised government.

The stalemated war was has killed around 130,000 people, including more than 12,000 civilians, pushed millions to the brink of famine and spawned the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

Saudi Arabia has faced widespread international criticism for its air strikes that have killed civilians and hit non-military targets in Yemen.

READ MORE: The United Kingdom picks profit over Yemeni lives

READ MORE: Disappointing donor pledge of $1.7B sounds death knell for hunger-hit Yemen

Source: AP