The road opened after security forces fired tear gas amid overnight confrontations between Hezbollah supporters and demonstrators protesting against Lebanon’s political elite.

Riot police remove anti-government protesters blocking a road in Beirut, Lebanon. November 25, 2019.
Riot police remove anti-government protesters blocking a road in Beirut, Lebanon. November 25, 2019. (AP)

A key road in the Lebanese capital reopened on Monday following clashes throughout the night between rival groups, some of the worst violence since protests against the country’s ruling elite began last month.

The confrontations began on Sunday evening after supporters of the country’s two main Shia political parties, Hezbollah and the Amal Movement of Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri, attacked protesters who had blocked a main Beirut thoroughfare known as the Ring Road.

Lebanon’s massive protests against corruption and mismanagement by the country’s leaders are now in their second month but have so far remained largely peaceful.

In Lebanon, one person has been killed by security forces during the protests, although there have been four other deaths related to the protests since the demonstrations began on October 17.

The young men arrived on scooters carrying clubs and metal rods and chanting pro-Hezbollah slogans, beating up several of the protesters. 

Both sides then threw stones at each other for hours as security forces formed a barrier to keep them apart. 

Security forces fired tear gas amid the confrontations.

The clashes lasted until early Monday morning.

The leaderless protesters say they are blocking roads to exert pressure on politicians to form a new government.

“Shias, Shias, Shias,” the Hezbollah supporters shouted. Some fired flares in the direction of security forces and protesters. Protesters on the other side responded: “Hezbollah is terrorist.”

Ring Road

In areas close to the Ring Road on Monday, tents that had previously been erected by the protesters were all destroyed, as were some of the windshields of cars parked in the area of Riad Solh Square and the nearby Martyrs Square. Some shops had their windows smashed as well.

The Ring Road was notorious during Lebanon’s 1975-90 civil war as one of the most dangerous front lines and, at the same time, a main crossing point during days of fragile cease-fires in the capital between the mostly Muslim west and the predominantly Christian east.

Closing roads and disrupting traffic has been a main tactic of the mostly leaderless protest movement, and the Ring Road has emerged as a flashpoint intersection.

Struggle to form a government

The protests forced the government of Prime Minister Saad Hariri to resign on October 29, and politicians have failed to agree on a new Cabinet since, despite a rapidly deteriorating economic crisis.

Iran-backed Hezbollah, which was part of Hariri’s Cabinet, says the protests are being exploited by foreign powers with an agenda against the group. The group’s supporters as well as supporters of Berri, the parliament speaker, have attacked the main protest camp in central Beirut on at least two other occasions, destroying tents set up by protesters.

Hezbollah and Amal are insisting that Hariri heads the next government and that it be made of politicians and technocrats. 

The outgoing prime minister is insisting on heading a Cabinet that is made up only of experts whose main job will be to try get Lebanon out of its worst economic and financial crisis in three decades.

The unprecedented nationwide protests were triggered by proposed new taxes, including on the use of the WhatsApp mobile app. 

They came on the heels of an austerity budget that cut public spending, pensions and employee benefits to tackle a deepening economic crisis.

Source: AP