Police fired tear gas and used water cannon to disperse hundreds of protesters who came out on the streets in capital N'Djamena, accusing the former colonial power of supporting the country's military junta.
Hundreds of people have demonstrated against France in the Chadian capital, accusing the former colonial power of supporting the country's military junta.
Demonstrators in N'Djamena burned at least two French flags and targeted several petrol stations belonging to the French oil giant Total.
Two police officers were hurt in the violence, according to a fellow officer who asked to remain anonymous.
The authorities had given permission for the protest organised by the civil society platform Wakit Tamma Cette, but deployed a large police presence around the marchers.
The government later issued a statement saying "Chad's problems should remain strictly national ones and should be debated among Chadians."
It invited "all Chadians to join the inclusive dialogue process" paving the way for "free and democratic elections" following an 18-month transition period.
'Dictators on our heads'
The opposition said public awareness was growing.
"We are glad that Chadians are becoming more aware of our struggle and are joining us," Max Loalngar, a Wakit Tamma coordinator, told AFP.
"France installing dictators on our heads. We only ask that our people be respected."
The landlocked African nation was thrown into turmoil after long-time leader Idriss Deby Itno died fighting rebels in April 2021.
His son Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno and a military junta seized control but he promised free elections this year.
He was swiftly supported by France, the European Union and the African Union – powers that imposed sanctions on military men who carried out coups elsewhere in Africa – mainly because Chad is a key player in the fight against militants in the Sahel.
Ahead of these elections, he had wanted a national dialogue to start on May 10.
Before that dialogue, the government and more than 40 opposition groups had sent delegations to Doha for preliminary talks.
But they spent much of the time in luxury hotels and had yet to meet face-to-face, as the Qatari mediators seek to establish enough common ground for the two sides to begin full talks.
Two weeks ago, the Chadian Foreign Ministry said it had agreed "to postpone the inclusive national dialogue to a later date to be decided, after consultations with the relevant institutions and political actors".
France then urged Chad to hold "without delay" the landmark national talks with opposition forces that have been postponed indefinitely.