European Union leaders gather for the beginning of an emergency EU summit moving closer to granting the United Kingdom a new delay for its departure from the bloc.
European leaders were poised to delay Brexit on Wednesday, but questions remained over just how much longer to give Prime Minister Theresa May to deliver an orderly divorce – and what conditions to attach.
European Union leaders meeting in Brussels will discuss a second delay to Brexit and their summit's draft conclusions were updated on Wednesday evening with more safeguards aimed at preventing Britain from being a disruptive member during an extension.
EU will have more meetings without Britain and will demand the country refrains from undermining the bloc "in particular when participating in the decision-making processes" during an extension, according to updated draft conclusions.
In particular, the draft, which was seen by Reuters and could still be changed during the talks, said: "The 27 Member States and the [European] Commission ... will continue to meet separately at all levels to discuss matters relations to the situation after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom."
It's not a break but a break-up
French President Emmanuel Macron arrived in a combative mood, demanding Britain set out a clear path forward and dismissing reports the leaders had already decided to give May space of up to a year.
But as May prepared to lay out her plan to her 27 colleagues, other officials suggested they would indeed be open to pushing back Brexit for several months if Britain undertakes to hold European elections in late May.
Without a postponement, Britain is due to end its 46-year membership of the European Union at midnight on Friday with no deal, risking economic chaos on both sides of the Channel. May has said she will need until June 30 to ratify the withdrawal agreement.
European Council president Donald Tusk, the summit host, has instead proposed "a flexible extension" and Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel also said the EU leaders might well back a delay "longer than the British prime minister has requested."
But, as he arrived, Macron warned, "For me, nothing is decided, nothing, and in particular, since I hear rumours, not a long extension."
He repeated his insistence that May must provide more guarantees that the delay would serve a useful purpose, saying he wanted to hear "what is the political plan behind it."
May agreed to a divorce deal with the EU last November but MPs in London have rejected it three times, forcing her to turn to the main opposition Labour party in a bid to find a way through.
'As soon as possible'
But these talks are moving slowly, and she is under intense pressure from hardline Brexit supporters in her Conservative party not to compromise.
As she arrived, May said she wanted to leave the EU "as soon as possible."
"I've asked for an extension to June 30 but what is important is that any extension enables us to leave at the point at which we ratify the withdrawal agreement," she said.
She said she still hoped to leave the EU on May 22, the last day before Britain must hold European Parliament elections.
EU leaders have already agreed on one delay to Brexit, from March 29 to April 12, and Tusk has warned there is "little reason to believe" the British parliament can ratify May's deal by June 30.
A draft copy of the summit conclusions seen by AFP before the leaders sat down to finalise it said "an extension should last only as long as necessary and, in any event, no longer than [XX.XX.XXXX]."
"If the withdrawal agreement is ratified by both parties before this date, the withdrawal will take place on the first day of the following month," the draft says.
European Parliament elections
Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis said he expected EU leaders to delay Brexit for "much more time" than May asked, on condition that it holds European elections.
Britain has already reluctantly begun preparations for the polls, setting the date for May 23, although officials insist they could still cancel it at the last minute.
The draft conclusions say that if Britain fails to take part, it will leave the bloc on June 1.
If an extension is agreed, Brussels will portray it as a concession to Britain, with some members – particularly France – not keen to see the disruptive Brexit drama drag on much longer.
EU members want to ensure that a semi-detached Britain does not seek leverage in Brexit talks by intervening in choosing the next head of the European Commission or the next multi-year EU budget.
May will make her case to her colleagues before leaving them to discuss the length of the Brexit delay – and any conditions – without her.
Britain was originally due to leave the EU on March 29. But Brussels agreed to an extension after the British parliament rejected the withdrawal agreement negotiated with May.
May's ministers have begun cross-party talks with Labour on a compromise to get the withdrawal agreement through the House of Commons.
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn wants Britain to commit to remaining within the EU customs union, an idea that many in Europe would be keen to accommodate.
"We would be generous in negotiating that, understanding that the UK couldn't be a silent partner in such an arrangement – it would have to have a say in decisions being made," Irish premier Leo Varadkar said as he arrived at the summit.