Moscow court outlaws organisations headed by jailed Kremlin critic Alexey Navalny as "extremist", rendering their staff liable to criminal prosecution.

Russian lawyer Ivan Pavlov, centre, speaks to the media as other lawyers stand around him during a break in a court session in front of Moscow Court, on June 9, 2021.
Russian lawyer Ivan Pavlov, centre, speaks to the media as other lawyers stand around him during a break in a court session in front of Moscow Court, on June 9, 2021. (AP)

A Moscow court has branded political organisations headed by jailed Kremlin critic Alexey Navalny as "extremist," banning their work and rendering staff liable to criminal prosecution.

A statement by the Moscow City Court on Wednesday said Navalny's regional network offices and his anti-corruption organisation had been labelled extremist and banned with immediate effect.

Navalny vowed to continue working to oppose the Russian authorities after the court order. 

Navalny said in an Instagram post from his penal colony outside Moscow that while his supporters must change how they work, "We will not retreat from our goals and ideas. This is our country and we have no other."

READ MORE: Putin inks 'extremist' bill that could bar critics from Russian elections

Extremism label carries prison terms for activists

The ruling, part of a multi-pronged Kremlin strategy to steamroll the opposition, sends a tough message one week before President Vladimir Putin holds a summit meeting with US President Joe Biden in Geneva.

The extremism label also carries lengthy prison terms for activists who have worked with the organisations, anyone who donated to them, and even those who simply shared the groups’ materials.

Navalny, Putin's most ardent political foe, was arrested in January upon returning from Germany, where he spent five months recovering from a nerve agent poisoning that he blames on the Kremlin — an accusation that Russian officials reject. 

In February, Navalny was given a 2 1/2-year prison term for violating the terms of a suspended sentence from a 2014 embezzlement conviction that he dismissed as politically motivated.

Lawyer Yevgeny Smirnov said during the hearing that stretched into the evening hours that the prosecutors' motion was intended to bar Navalny's associates from running for public office.

"This case has been linked to the law that bans all those who are connected with the Foundation for Fighting Corruption from getting elected," Smirnov said.

The court session, lasting more than 12 hours, was held behind closed doors on grounds that classified materials would be discussed. 

The judge rejected a defence appeal to allow Navalny to take part via a video link from prison and dismissed other motions by the defense. Lawyers said they would appeal the ruling.

Navalny's offices in dozens of Russian regions already shut down in April after prosecutors issued an injunction to suspend their activities pending the court ruling, but the opposition leader's associates have vowed to continue their work in different formats.

READ MORE: Russian senators back bill potentially barring Navalny allies from polls

Anti-Kremlin protests

His foundation, started 10 years ago, has relentlessly targeted senior government officials with colourful and widely watched videos that detail corruption allegations against them. 

One of its latest productions, which has received 117 million views on YouTube, claimed that a lavish palace on the shores of the Black Sea was built for Putin through an elaborate corruption scheme. The Kremlin has denied any links to Putin.

Navalny also has relied on his offices across Russia to organise anti-Kremlin protests and implement his Smart Voting strategy — a project to support the candidates most likely to defeat those from the Kremlin’s dominant United Russia party in various elections.

During the hearing, prosecutors accused Navalny's organisations of staging protests to overthrow the government.

As the Moscow court was preparing to consider the case, Russian lawmakers fast-tracked a measure that banned members of organisations declared extremist from running for public office. 

The law was signed by Putin last week, and combined with the court ruling will dash the hopes of several Navalny associates who have declared their intention to run for parliament.

Ivan Zhdanov, a top Navalny associate who headed his foundation, vowed that the team will continue publishing exposes of corrupt officials and apply the Smart Voting strategy.

"Navalny's team will not stop its activities, they shouldn't hope for that," Zhdanov, who lives abroad, told the independent Dozhd TV.

READ MORE: Russia detains allies of Kremlin critic Alexey Navalny in police raids

2024 presidential election

The September vote is widely seen as an important part of Putin's efforts to cement his rule ahead of the 2024 presidential election. 

The 68-year-old leader, who has been in power for more than two decades, pushed through constitutional changes last year that would potentially allow him to hold onto power until 2036.

Ahead of the vote, the government has targeted other opposition figures as well. Last week, authorities arrested Andrei Pivovarov, the head of another anti-Kremlin group that they have labelled "undesirable" — a designation used by the Kremlin to outlaw more than 30 groups.

'Undesirable' organisations

Days before his arrest, Pivovarov announced the dissolution of his Open Russia movement to protect members from prosecution, but that didn't stop authorities from pulling him off a Warsaw-bound plane at St. Petersburg’s airport last week. 

A court in southern Russia's Krasnodar region ordered him to be held for two months pending an investigation.

Membership in "undesirable" organisations is a criminal offense under a 2015 law, and another bill now making its way through the Russian parliament increases the punishment for it, introducing prison terms of up to six years for their members.

Open Russia was financed by Russian tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, who moved to London after spending 10 years in prison in Russia on charges widely seen as political revenge for challenging Putin's rule. 

Khodorkovsky has described the ongoing crackdown on dissent as a reflection of authorities' concern about the waning popularity of the main Kremlin-directed party, United Russia.

Another opposition activist, Dmitry Gudkov, a former Russian lawmaker who has aspired to run again for the parliament, was held for two days last week on financial charges that he and his supporters allege were trumped up. 

He went abroad after being released, saying that he had received a warning that he would be jailed if he didn't leave the country.

READ MORE: European human rights court orders 'immediate' release of Navalny

Source: AFP