Polish border guards said the migrants threw rocks and sticks at security forces, while Belarusian guards sought to blind officers by using lasers and strobe lighting.
Some 230 migrants have forced their way through the border from Belarus with the help of Belarusian border guards but were immediately sent back across.
In a statement released on Thursday, Polish border guards said the migrants "threw rocks and sticks at Polish forces" as Belarusian forces used lasers and strobe lighting to try and blind Polish officers.
"They destroyed the fence and a group of 232 people made their way several metres into Polish territory," border guard spokesperson Anna Michalska told the Polish news agency PAP.
"The officers instructed them to leave Polish territory and escorted them to the border demarcation," she said, adding the incident happened late Wednesday.
The border guard spokesperson also said five migrants were taken to hospital suffering from "exhaustion".
The border guards said there were a total of 375 attempted crossings from Belarus on Wednesday.
So far this year, Poland has clocked more than 35,000 attempted illegal crossings from Belarus.
They include 6,000 in November, nearly 17,300 in October, some 7,700 in September and over 3,500 in August, according to border guard data.
Aid groups say at least 11 migrants have died on both sides of the border since the crisis began in the summer and have criticised the Polish government over its policy of pushing migrants back.
The EU and US accuse Belarus of manufacturing the crisis by bringing in migrants from the Middle East and then taking them to the border, an accusation that Belarus denies.