Berlin fears Europe's security interests could be damaged by White House decision on Iran nuclear deal as a congressional deadline to certify it looms.

German Vice Chancellor and Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel gives a press conference on October 9, 2017 at the Foreign Ministry in Berlin, Germany. (Photo AFP)
German Vice Chancellor and Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel gives a press conference on October 9, 2017 at the Foreign Ministry in Berlin, Germany. (Photo AFP) (AFP)

Germany is worried that US President Donald Trump will decide this week that Iran is not respecting a two-year-old deal to curb its nuclear programme and fears such a step will worsen the security situation in the Middle East.

Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel said Germany was prepared to work with the United States to change Iran's "behaviour" in the region but "we do not want to see this agreement damaged."

"We are looking with great concern towards the United States," Gabriel told reporters in Berlin.

"We urge the White House not to call into question such an important achievement that has improved our security," he said in reference to the 2015 accord reached under Trump's predecessor Barack Obama, who sought detente with Tehran.

"We are also offering to help influence Iran's behaviour in the region. Germany is ready to do this, but not at the price of sacrificing the nuclear deal."

Trump is expected on October 15 to "decertify" the landmark agreement between Iran and Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia, the United States and European Union despite advice from senior members of his own cabinet and US partners to stick with it.

If he does say Iran is not respecting the deal, the US Congress would have 60 days to decide whether to reimpose sanctions that were lifted in exchange for curbs on Iran's nuclear programme.

Even if Congress does not take that step, the deal could be at risk of unravelling if Washington and Tehran resort to tit-for-tat retaliatory steps.

The UN nuclear watchdog has repeatedly certified that Iran is in compliance with the deal's terms.

Gabriel called the accord a "great diplomatic success", saying it had prevented Iran from developing nuclear weapons and headed off a military conflict between Iran and Israel.

"We are worried, based on the signals coming out of the United States, that the president will tell lawmakers that the nuclear deal with Iran is not being fulfilled," Gabriel said.

"This runs counter to the view of all the European countries that participated in the deal as well as the EU."

Gabriel said he had made clear to US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in recent conversations that Europe, due to its relative geographical proximity to Iran, would see its own security interests as damaged if the nuclear deal collapsed.

He also drew attention to the signal such a step would send to North Korea.

"Our big concern, with regard to North Korea, is that it is very unlikely that the North Korean dictatorship would sign an international agreement in which it agrees to renounce nuclear weapons when the one agreement like this with Iran is being called into question," Gabriel said.

Source: Reuters