Buses took away more than 1,600 people from the Porte de la Chapelle and Seine-Saint-Denis areas where camps were dismantled after the government announced stricter immigration policies a day earlier.
French police cleared two huge refugee tent camps in northern Paris on Thursday and authorities vowed to clear other camps, a day after the government announced tighter immigration policies.
Buses took away more than 1,600 people in the Porte de la Chapelle and Seine-Saint-Denis area, where refugees lived in tents under and around the flyovers of the busy Paris Peripherique ring road and the ramps to the A1 highway.
"I will no longer tolerate these installations by the roadside here or anywhere else on public spaces in Paris," Paris police prefect Didier Lallement told reporters at the scene.
The refugees, mostly men from sub-Saharan Africa and some from the Middle East, boarded the buses in an orderly manner and were taken to gyms and other public venues in and around Paris, while excavators demolished makeshift shacks and picked up plastic chairs, mattresses and rubbish.
Lallement said police would maintain a permanent presence in the area in coming weeks to prevent refugees from returning.
From Calais to Paris
On Wednesday, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced the closure of tent camps, quotas for migrant workers and limits on access to non-urgent health care for newly-arrived asylum seekers as part of a drive to show that the government is heeding voters' concerns about immigration.
Since the closure of "the jungle", a huge refugee camp in Calais, in 2016, many refugees have moved to Paris, which has repeatedly broken up camps only to see them pop up again in different areas a few months later.
"Prefects have told me time and again the camps would not come back, but each time they have reappeared," Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo told reporters.
Deputy mayor Emmanuel Gregoire said that apart from the Porte de la Chapelle camp there were another 1,600 refugees in a camp at nearby Porte d'Aubervilliers and more camps at Porte de la Villete and in Seine-Saint-Denis, all in northern Paris.
"Dispersal operations are no solution. Our country needs to provide permanent and proper housing while people's asylum applications are considered," he said on France Info radio.
Interior Minister Christophe Castaner said the people evacuated on Thursday would be housed in state-sponsored centres while their asylum requests were being processed.
Castaner said some people who had already been granted asylum were refusing to remain in the social housing offered.
Those whose asylum request is rejected will have to leave French territory and some will be deported, he said.