Google parent Alphabet missed revenue expectations in the fourth quarter despite stellar growth at YouTube and in the cloud.
Alphabet Inc's Chief Executive Sundar Pichai unveiled sales figures that investors have long demanded, but shares fell 5 percent as Google's advertising business and the new data about YouTube and Google Cloud broadly disappointed.
Pichai had sought to counter slowing revenue growth in the company's main advertising business by pointing to the Silicon Valley firm's younger units.
But Pichai's reveal that Google's YouTube video streaming unit is generating ad revenue at a pace of $15 billion annually put it below rough estimates as high as $25 billion.
Divulging 53 percent quarterly revenue growth for Google's cloud services compared with a year ago meant it grew slower than the business it is trying to catch up to, Microsoft Corp's Azure. It reported a 62 percent quarterly rise in sales last week, or 39 percent when considering some cloud services Microsoft sells through other units.
While financial analysts applauded the new transparency from Alphabet, some questioned executives for the second time in the last four quarters to explain why overall revenue has been missing or just barely meeting their expectations.
Sales growth dipped below 20 percent in three quarters during 2019, compared to just once in the previous three years.
Alphabet has blamed currency exchange rates and its constant tweaking of features, saying that it is not focused on quarterly marks.
"We continue to be very focused on the benefit from better measurement, better ad delivery, better user experience," Alphabet Chief Financial Officer Ruth Porat responded to an analyst. "But there will be variability over time because we're very focused on what's in the right long-term interest."
Shares of the company fell about 4.5 percent in extended trading to $1,416.
"The stock was priced for perfection, and a top-line miss was enough to send it lower," said Michael Pachter, an analyst at Wedbush Securities. "YouTube was impressive at $15 billion for the year, Cloudless so at $8.9 billion."
Other financial analysts said YouTube's ad revenue was underwhelming too.
"YouTube is smaller than generally assumed, but on the flip side, the search seems to have accelerated and is growing faster than feared," said James Cordwell, an analyst at Atlantic Equities.
Google through its namesake search engine as well as properties such as YouTube has been the web's biggest draw for advertisers for a decade, enabling it last month to become the fourth listed company to top $1 trillion in market capitalization.
But new concerns have emerged among investors about whether its dominance will last as US antitrust regulators investigate Google and as Amazon and Facebook Inc continue to grow their ads businesses globally. Both beat analysts' expectations last week.
Alphabet's overall sales in the fourth quarter were $46.08 billion, up 17 percent, compared with an average estimate of $46.94 billion among financial analysts tracked by Refinitiv.
Google ad sales in the holiday shopping quarter were $37.93 billion, up 16.7 percent from the same period last year
Alphabet's expenses have ballooned with the hiring thousands of salespeople, building of new data centers and marketing the Google brand through hardware and other ventures.
For the fourth quarter, Alphabet's total costs and expenses rose 18.5% from a year ago to $36.809 billion.
Porat said hiring and infrastructure spending would accelerate in 2020.
Alphabet's fourth-quarter profit was $10.67 billion, or $15.35 per share, compared with the analysts' average estimate of $8.787 billion, or $12.53 per share.
Hardware sales fell in the fourth quarter compared with a year ago, Porat said. Results could suffer further from any protracted work stoppages in Asia as companies combat the outbreak of a new coronavirus in China, she said.
Google last week temporarily shut down all its offices in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan due to the coronavirus. It has thousands of engineers across the region, including a hardware engineering center in Taiwan.
In December, Google CEO Pichai gained the additional role of Alphabet CEO from Larry Page as he and fellow co-founder Sergey Brin stepped back even further from day-to-day management.
The new YouTube disclosures under Pichai showed ad revenue grew 31 percent compared with last year.
Pichai also said YouTube, which has 2 billion monthly users, generated about $750 million in subscription and other non-advertising revenue, but did not reveal a figure for the year-earlier period.
Pichai said YouTube had 20 million paid subscribers between YouTube's Music and Premium ad-free viewing packages, and separately had 2 million paid subscribers for YouTube TV, which competes with Dish Network Corp's Sling TV and Walt Disney Co's Hulu to stream television online.
Amazon recently said it has 55 million music subscribers, while Apple Inc last year announced 60 million such subscribers. Sling had about 2.7 million subscribers as of last year, in line with estimates for Hulu.
Shares of Alphabet were up 28.1 percent in the last 12 months entering Monday, compared with 21.8 percent for Facebook shares, 23.5 percent for Amazon, 68.1 percent for Microsoft and 88.7 percent for Apple Inc.