Ibrahim al-Marashi is an associate professor at the Department of History, California State University, San Marcos. He is the co-author of The Modern History of Iraq, 4th edition.
Moscow’s purported use of a hypersonic missile also carries a political message.
Instead of focusing on the future of Daesh, let’s remember the Yazidis they enslaved in the past
Both leaders assaulted smaller neighbouring countries as part of the historical dynamics that began with the end of the Cold War.
Iran failed to launch satellites in space but succeeded to deliver a message to the US.
To honour Tutu's memory, climate leaders, scientists, and activists not only have to address climate apartheid on a global level, but a local one as well.
The Soviet failure several decades ago has given rise to a mistaken view of Afghan history that persists today.
The latest film adaptation of the Sixties novel helps us understand the contemporary Middle East and its ecology.
Despite Saudi promises to mitigate climate change, the Kingdom thwarts international efforts at collaboration.
While the US lost the so-called battle for ‘hearts and minds’ in the Muslim world, elements of public diplomacy still retain their strategic importance for Washington.
Only now have Western nations woken up to the continued threat to Afghan minorities and women.
The year 1979 is a turning point in the history of the region, as the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Islamic revolution in Iran and ‘Seige of Mecca’ laid the groundwork for the rise and victory of the Taliban over forty years later.
In the Middle East and North Africa, non-state actors weaponising the effects of climate change is already a reality, not a future scenario.
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