Beijing had earlier expressed dismay over the US decision to include military assistance to Taiwan in its annual defence budget.
China’s military sent 71 planes and seven ships toward Taiwan in a 24-hour display of force directed at the self-ruled island, Taiwan’s defence ministry said.
The military exercise coms after Beijing expressed anger at Taiwan-related provisions in a US annual defence spending bill passed on Saturday.
China’s military drills around Taiwan, which is recognised as an independent state by only 13 countries, have intensified in recent years, and it has sent planes or ships toward the island on a near-daily basis.
Between 6 am Sunday and 6 am Monday, 47 of the Chinese planes crossed the median of the Taiwan Strait, an unofficial boundary once tacitly accepted by both sides, according to Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defence.
Among the planes China sent towards Taiwan were 18 J-16 fighter jets, 11 J-1 fighters, 6 Su-30 fighters and drones.
Taiwan said it monitored the Chinese moves through its land-based missile systems, as well as on its own navy vessels.
READ MORE: China conducts military exercises near Taiwan over US 'provocations'
Drills around Taiwan
“This is a firm response to the current US-Taiwan escalation and provocation,” said Shi Yi, the spokesperson for the People's Liberation Army's Eastern Theater Command, in a statement on Sunday night. It announced that the PLA was holding joint combat patrols and joint strike drills in the waters around Taiwan.
Shi was referring to the US defence spending bill, which calls China a strategic challenge. With regard to the Indo-Pacific region, the legislation authorises increased security cooperation with Taiwan and requires expanded cooperation with India on emerging defence technologies, readiness and logistics.
China’s military has often used large military exercises as a demonstration of force in response to US government actions in support of Taiwan.
It conducted large live-fire military exercises in August in response to US House speaker Nancy Pelosi’s 'controversial' visit to Taiwan. Beijing views visits from foreign governments to the island as de facto recognition of the island as independent and a challenge to China’s claim of sovereignty.
READ MORE: Can US-China set aside differences and find middle ground?