Indonesia's National Disaster Mitigation Agency says around 40,000 people have been evacuated from the danger zone, and is calling for another 100,000 to leave.

Balinese with Mount Agung erupting in the background, seen from Kubu sub-district in Karangasem Regency, on Bali, Indonesia, November 27, 2017.
Balinese with Mount Agung erupting in the background, seen from Kubu sub-district in Karangasem Regency, on Bali, Indonesia, November 27, 2017. (AFP)

Indonesian authorities ordered a mass evacuation of people on Monday from an expanded danger zone around an erupting volcano on Bali that has closed the island's international airport, stranding tens of thousands of travellers.

Mount Agung has been hurling clouds of white and dark gray ash about 3,000 metres (10,000 feet) into the atmosphere since the weekend. 

A video released by the National Disaster Mitigation Agency showed a mudflow of volcanic debris and water known as a lahar moving down the volcano's slopes.

The agency raised the volcano's alert to the highest level early on Monday and expanded the danger zone to 10 km (6 miles) in places from the previous 7.5 km. It said in a statement that a larger eruption is possible.

TRT World's Liz Maddock has the story.

Spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho told a news conference in Jakarta that the extension of the danger zone affects 22 villages and about 90,000 to 100,000 people. 

He said about 40,000 people have evacuated, but others have not left because they feel safe or don't want to abandon their livestock.

"Authorities will comb the area to persuade them," he said. "If needed, we will forcibly evacuate them." 

About 25,000 people were already living in evacuation centres after an increase in tremors from the mountain in September sparked an evacuation.

Bali's airport was closed early on Monday after ash reached its airspace.

Flight information boards showed rows of cancellations as tourists arrived at the busy airport expecting to catch flights home. 

TRT World spoke to volcanologist Janine Krippner.

Hundreds of flights cancelled

Airport spokesman Air Ahsanurrohim said 445 flights were cancelled, stranding about 59,000 travellers. The closure is in effect until Tuesday morning though officials said the situation will be reviewed every six hours.

Bali is Indonesia's top tourist destination, with its Hindu culture, surf beaches and lush green interior attracting about five million visitors a year.

Some flights to and from Bali were cancelled on Saturday and Sunday but most had continued to operate normally as the towering ash clouds were moving east toward the neighbouring island of Lombok.

"We now have to find a hotel and spend more of our money that they're not going to cover us for when we get home unfortunately," said Canadian tourist Brandon Olsen who was stranded at Bali's airport with his girlfriend.

Mount Agung on the island of Bali, Indonesia, November 26, 2017.
Mount Agung on the island of Bali, Indonesia, November 26, 2017. (Reuters)

Indonesia's Directorate General of Land Transportation said 100 buses are being deployed to Bali's international airport and to ferry terminals to help travellers stranded by the eruption of Mount Agung.

The agency's chief, Budi, said major ferry crossing points have been advised to prepare for a surge in passengers and vehicles. Stranded tourists could leave Bali by taking a ferry to neighbouring Java and then travel by land to the nearest airports.

Geological agency head, Kasbani, who goes by one name, said the alert level was raised because the volcano has shifted from steam-based eruptions to magmatic eruptions. 

He told Indonesian television on Monday morning that he did not expect a big eruption but added "we have to stay alert and anticipate."

The volcano's last major eruption in 1963 killed about 1,100 people.

A tourist at Lempuyang Temple in Karangasem, Bali, watches Mount Agung spewing smoke and ash, November 27, 2017.
A tourist at Lempuyang Temple in Karangasem, Bali, watches Mount Agung spewing smoke and ash, November 27, 2017. (Reuters)

Ash has settled on villages and resorts around the volcano and soldiers and police distributed masks on the weekend.

In Karangasem district that surrounds the volcano, tourists stopped to watch the towering plumes of ash as children made their made to school.

Indonesia sits on the "Pacific Ring of Fire" and has more than 120 active volcanoes.

Mount Agung's alert status was raised to the highest level in September following a dramatic increase in tremors from the volcano, which doubled the exclusion zone around the crater and prompted more than 140,000 people to leave the area. The alert was lowered on October 29 after a decrease in activity but about 25,000 people remained in evacuation centres.

Source: TRTWorld and agencies