The handbook issued by Taiwan's military details how to find bomb shelters via smartphone apps, water and food supplies, as well as tips for preparing emergency first aid kits.

President Tsai Ing-wen is overseeing the modernisation of Taiwan's forces amid tensions with China.
President Tsai Ing-wen is overseeing the modernisation of Taiwan's forces amid tensions with China. (AA Archive)

Taiwan has released a handbook on civil defence for the first time, giving citizens survival guidance in a war scenario as Russia's offensive in Ukraine focuses attention on how the island should respond to China's pressure.

The handbook issued on Tuesday uses comic strips and pictures with tips to survive a military attack, such as how to distinguish air raid sirens and ways to shelter from missiles.

"(We) are providing information on how citizens should react in a military crisis and possible disasters to come," Liu Tai-yi, an official of the ministry's All-out Defence Mobilisation unit, told an online news conference.

That would enable safety preparedness and help people to survive, he added.

He said the handbook, which draws from similar guides issued by Sweden and Japan, would be further updated with localised information such as the sites of shelters, hospitals and shops for daily needs.

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Regional tension

Planning for the handbook pre-dates Russia's attack on Ukraine, which has prompted debate on its implications for Taiwan and ways to boost preparedness, such as reforms to the training of reservists.

China has never renounced the use of force to bring Taiwan under its control and has stepped up military activities nearby in the past two years, to press it into accepting its sovereignty claims.

While Taiwan has not reported any sign of an imminent attack planned by China, it has raised its alert level since the beginning of the Ukraine conflict.

President Tsai Ing-wen has vowed repeatedly to defend the island and is overseeing a broad modernisation programme to make its forces more mobile and harder to attack.

Besides the plans unveiled last year to reform training for reserve forces, the government is looking to extend compulsory military service beyond four months.

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Source: Reuters