The Bangladeshi security forces routinely commit enforced disappearances and the government has ignored calls to address the culture of impunity, the organisation said.
Human Rights Watch on Monday called for a United Nations probe into the alleged enforced disappearances of Bangladesh' opposition activists, demanding sanctions on the officials found responsible.
The rights watchdog released a report identifying 86 political activists, businessmen, and student members of the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party who went missing over the past decade.
It said disappearances have become a "hallmark" of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's rule since 2009, a tool for curtailing free speech and criticism.
"We want the UN and other international experts to launch an independent investigation, because it has become quite clear that the Bangladesh authorities are willing to look away and even provide impunity for these kinds of abuses," Meenakshi Ganguly, HRW's South Asia specialist, told AFP.
HRW called for "targeted sanctions" on members of the Rapid Action Battalion, an elite police squad accused of carrying out many of the disappearances.
There was no comment on the allegations from the government or the Rapid Action Battalion, which has been accused in the past of rights abuses including extrajudicial killings.
Other rights organisations have said 600 people have been seized in the past decade, and that those who have been freed are too scared to speak out.
The Odhikar monitor reported 16 suspected enforced disappearances in the first half of 2021.
"These enforced disappearances have created a terrible environment of fear," said Nur Khan Liton, a former chief of Ain o Salish Kendra, a leading Bangladesh rights group.
Senior government officials have in the past denied that security agencies had seized anyone, saying the alleged victims have gone into hiding.
'Why would he be killed?'
In one of the cases listed by HRW, low-level BNP activist Mohammad Parvez Hossain disappeared in December 2013, allegedly abducted along with three friends.
"They went out to buy birthday flowers for the son of a party colleague and never returned," said his wife Farzana Akter, who was pregnant at the time.
A few weeks later, Hasina won a general election by a landslide.
Akter, now 30, said police repeatedly refused to discuss her husband's case.
She now relies on her family to help raise her 10-year-old daughter and eight-year-old son, who has never seen his father.
"If the government says my husband is in hiding, then why don't they find him?" she said.
"He didn't commit any crime, didn't kill or rob anyone. He was not corrupt. Why would he be killed?"