Voters are choosing a replacement for President Moon Jae-in, with up to a million people with Covid-19 expected to cast ballots, raising fears of case surge.
South Koreans have begun voting for a presidential election in the shadow of the pandemic, as up to a million people with Covid-19 are expected to cast ballots during a spike driving one of the world's highest caseloads.
For Friday's election, election workers have been deployed in protective equipment including full-body suits and safety glasses, and voters with Covid or exposed to the virus will spray hand sanitisers and wear gloves before casting ballots, according to the national election commission.
With more than 800,000 under home treatment for the coronavirus and nearly 800 in hospital intensive care, the government and health officials have sought to accommodate infected voters, including revising the election law last month.
People infected or in quarantine can walk in or take taxis or ambulances provided by local offices to the polling stations to vote in isolated booths. They are allocated an hour at the end of the second day of early voting and an hour and a half on the final day on Wednesday.
Koreans expect Yoon, Lee to fight corruption
South Korea had early success in containing outbreaks and surges with aggressive testing and contact tracing. Although the government's pandemic management was not a major campaign focus, the Omicron spike of the past week is affecting the voting as it drives cases to record highs. On Friday, it broke another record of daily cases and deaths.
Voters are choosing a replacement for liberal President Moon Jae-in, who cannot run for re-election due to term limits.
Yoon Suk-yeol got a boost on Thursday when a fellow conservative dropped out and threw his support behind Yoon, in a move that could tip the balance of the closely fought election away from the ruling liberals. Moon's ruling party is represented by Lee Jae-myung.
The race has focused on seeking a leader to clean up polarised politics and corruption and tackle the runaway housing prices and deepening inequality that have dogged Asia's fourth-largest economy.
Yoon has encouraged people with Covid or isolating to vote, saying they could amount to millions out of more than 40 million eligible voters.
Yoon and his rival Lee, as well as President Moon all, cast their votes on Friday morning.
Surge in Covid cases
While the pandemic did not prevent big campaign rallies, leading presidential runners have run "contact-free" campaigns. Lee met supporters at a drive-in movie theatre.
Yoon's main opposition party launched a phone app that allows voters to watch campaign rallies where its candidate is a featured speaker.
South Korea held a national election in 2020 and regional polls last year, with infected people required to mail in their ballots or use special polling stations at hospitals. Daily Covid infections were in the hundreds at most at that time. This week they topped 200,000.
But while case numbers have surged, South Korea has rolled back some restrictions in recent days and suspended the use of a digital-tracking scheme credited with the early success in containing the virus.
"The situation has changed a lot since the last general election, with far more cases," said a disease control agency official. "And their political rights have to be protected."