The 77th General Assembly session convenes under the shadow of Europe’s first major conflict since World War II and other pressing challenges such as the climate crisis and the Covid-19 pandemic.

Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has repeatedly called for sweeping actions to improve global cooperation, including by upgrading the UN.
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has repeatedly called for sweeping actions to improve global cooperation, including by upgrading the UN. (AP)

Warning that the world is in “great peril,” the head of the United Nations says leaders meeting in person for the first time in three years must tackle conflicts and climate catastrophes, increasing poverty and inequality — and address divisions among major powers that have gotten worse since Russia attacked Ukraine.

In speeches and remarks leading up to the start of the leaders’ meeting Tuesday, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres cited the “immense” task not only of saving the planet, “which is literally on fire,” but of dealing with the persisting Covid-19 pandemic.

He also pointed to “a lack of access to finance for developing countries to recover — a crisis not seen in a generation” that has seen ground lost for education, health and women’s rights.

Guterres will deliver his “state of the world” speech at Tuesday’s opening of the annual high-level global gathering.

UN spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said it would be “a sober, substantive and solutions-focused report card” for a world “where geopolitical divides are putting all of us at risk.”

“There will be no sugar-coating in his remarks, but he will outline reasons for hope,” Dujarric told reporters on Monday.

READ MORE: Guterres warns of 'world in peril' ahead of UNGA summit

Pressing issues

The 77th General Assembly meeting of world leaders convenes under the shadow of Europe’s first major conflict since World War II — the fighting between Russia and Ukraine, which has unleashed a global food crisis and opened fissures among major powers in a way not seen since the Cold War.

Yet nearly 150 heads of state and government are on the latest speakers’ list, including Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who is in New York to attend the session.

At a meeting on Monday to promote UN goals for 2030 — including ending extreme poverty, ensuring quality education for all children and achieving gender equality — Guterres said the world’s many pressing perils make it “tempting to put our long-term development priorities to one side.”

But the UN chief said some things can’t wait — among them education, dignified jobs, full equality for women and girls, comprehensive health care and action to tackle the climate crisis.

He called for public and private finance and investment, and above all for peace.

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In-person speeches

The global gathering, known as the General Debate, was entirely virtual in 2020 because of the pandemic, and hybrid in 2021.

This year, the 193-member General Assembly returns to only in-person speeches, with a single exception — Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

Over objections from Russia and a few allies, the assembly voted last Friday to allow the Ukrainian leader to prerecord his speech because of reasons beyond his control — the “ongoing foreign invasion” and military hostilities that require him to carry out his “national defence and security duties.”

By tradition, Brazil has spoken first for over seven decades because, at the early General Assembly sessions, it volunteered to start when no other country did.

The US president, representing the host country for the United Nations, is traditionally the second speaker. But Joe Biden is in Britain for attending the Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral, and his speech has been pushed to Wednesday morning. Senegalese President Macky Sall is expected to take Biden’s slot.

READ MORE: UN chief visits Istanbul, thanks Türkiye for 'pivotal role' in grain deal

Source: TRTWorld and agencies