Powerful Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador –– credited with helping topple three presidents between 1997 and 2005 –– have called the protest as Ecuadorans increasingly struggle to make ends meet.
Hundreds of Indigenous people and members of other disgruntled groups have taken part in the eighth day of fuel price protests in Ecuador, accused by the president of seeking only "chaos."
"We have reached out, we have called for dialogue, but they do not want peace," President Guillermo Lasso said in a video on Twitter on Monday.
"They seek chaos, they want to eject the president."
A state of emergency is in place in three provinces, with a nighttime curfew in the capital Quito, as authorities seek to curtail demonstrations that have seen roads barricaded countrywide, cost the economy tens of millions of dollars, and left dozens of people injured.
The powerful Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Conaie) –– credited with helping topple three presidents between 1997 and 2005 –– called the protest as Ecuadorans increasingly struggle to make ends meet.
Indigenous people comprise more than a million of Ecuador's 17.7 million inhabitants, and their protest has since been joined by students, workers and others feeling the economic pinch.
Challenges and demands
Police say 63 personnel have been wounded in clashes and 21 others briefly held hostage since the protests began, while human rights observers reported 79 arrests and 55 civilians wounded.
A state of emergency declared last Friday allowed Lasso to mobilise the armed forces to maintain order, suspend certain civil rights and declare curfews.
On Sunday, Ecuadoran police requisitioned an Indigenous cultural center in Quito to use as a base for protest monitoring.
The center had sheltered thousands of Indigenous people during anti-government demonstrations in 2019 that left 11 dead and more than 1,000 injured but forced then-president Lenin Moreno to abandon plans to eliminate fuel subsidies.
Oil producer Ecuador has been hit by rising inflation, unemployment and poverty exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic.
Fuel prices have risen sharply since 2020, almost doubling for diesel from $1 to $1.90 per gallon and rising from $1.75 to $2.55 for gasoline.
Conaie demands a price cut to $1.50 a gallon for diesel and $2.10 for gasoline.
It also wants food price controls and a commitment to renegotiating the personal bank loans of about four million families.