A UN-appointed mission to Libya says it has found "reasonable grounds" that the Kaniyat militia committed crimes against humanity as nearly 100 mass graves remain to be discovered in Tarhouna.
A UN-appointed mission to Libya has said there are "probable mass graves" yet to be investigated, possibly as many as 100, in a town where hundreds of bodies have already been found and it has urged Tripoli to continue searching.
Based on the testimonies of residents and two site visits, the mission said on Monday that it has found "reasonable grounds" that the Kaniyat militia committed crimes against humanity. It identified four commanders who participated directly in them.
The report to be submitted to the UN Human Rights Council this week details how a militia run by seven brothers executed and imprisoned hundreds of people between 2016-2020, sometimes keeping them in tiny oven-like structures called "the boxes" which were set alight during interrogations.
The evidence of kidnappings, murder and torture in Tarhouna by the independent Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) represents one of the most egregious examples of human rights abuses in the turbulent period since long-ruling Muammar Gaddafi's ousting in 2011.
Among the victims were the disabled as well as women and children, the 51-page report said.
Already, Libyan authorities have recovered 247 bodies in mass and individual grave sites in the Tarhouna area in Western Libya. Many were still handcuffed and blindfolded.
The mission used satellite imagery showing signs of soil disturbances among other evidence to identify three new likely sites. But there could be many more, it said, citing an existing grave known as 'The Landfill' where just a tiny fraction of the site has been investigated.
Difficulties with co-operation
It is not immediately clear how the findings will reflect on Libyan authorities. Libya's diplomatic mission in Geneva did not respond for a request for comment.
The Kaniyat has been aligned with the eastern Libyan National Army led by warlord Haftar that tried, unsuccessfully, to overthrow the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord.
The militia no longer holds authority in Tarhouna. The surviving leaders of the Kaniyat are mostly believed to have fled to areas of eastern Libya under Haftar's control.
In its conclusions, the FFM calls on Libyan authorities to continue searching for the graves. It also urges them to establish a special tribunal to prosecute international crimes.
However, the report refers to difficulties with co-operation in the past. Diplomats and UN sources said that Libya had in the past expressed reservations about continuing the mission, which expires this month.
A resolution is currently before the Geneva-based council to keep investigations going for another nine months, which is less than some had hoped for. A decision is expected this week.