UN chief Antonio Guterres says the body has found evidence that the Central African Republic's army and its foreign supporters violated international humanitarian law.

The Gendarmerie patrols with the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) in PK5, the predominantly Muslim shopping district of Bangui, on January 7, 2020.
The Gendarmerie patrols with the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) in PK5, the predominantly Muslim shopping district of Bangui, on January 7, 2020. (AFP)

The UN chief has denounced human rights abuses by the Central African Republic army and its foreign supporters, an allusion to paramilitary fighters from the Russia-linked Wagner group.

In a new report to the Security Council on Tuesday, Antonio Guterres said he was "appalled" by the "continued increase in human rights abuses and violations of international humanitarian law perpetrated by all parties."

In the report, Guterres touches in particular on an operation carried out near Bria, some 600 kilometres northeast of the capital Bangui, by the national army and paramilitaries.

The operation which occurred in mid-January resulted “in 17 civilian deaths” and displacement of the general population, the report said, without providing further detail.

“I urge national authorities to take demonstrable and immediate action to prevent grave human rights violations by national security forces and other security personnel, including abuses targeting ethnic and religious minorities,” Guterres said.

Guterres also indicated that the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) was denied access to the army and “other security personnel” on three occasions in January.

The denials were under the pretext that the sites where the events of concern had occurred “were private," the report said.

The UN uses the term “other security personnel” to refer to the hundreds of Russian paramilitary forces who fight alongside the army, and who have helped them over the past year push back rebels from their strongholds.

READ MORE: Russian mercenaries, government forces accused of CAR massacre

Abuse allegations

From October to February, “humanitarian personnel continued to be targeted by armed groups, national defence and security forces and other security personnel,” Guterres said.

“The humanitarian situation continued to deteriorate” since October, he said, adding that 63 percent of the population — or  3.1 million Central Africans — require protection and humanitarian assistance at the highest level in five years.

The Central African Republic has been mired in civil war since 2013. 

While violence had decreased in recent years, it resumed abruptly when rebels launched a failed offensive to overthrow President Faustin-Archange Touadera in late 2020.

In 2021, the UN accused the mercenaries and the Central African forces of abuse, alongside its ongoing condemnation of crimes committed against civilians by the country’s rebel groups.

MINUSCA has around 15,000 soldiers and police, with an annual budget of approximately $1 billion.

READ MORE: UN investigating alleged killings by CAR forces, Russia mercenaries

Source: TRTWorld and agencies